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Conditions

Acne

Acne is a common skin condition that affects most people at some point.

Acne Scarring

Acne scarring can sometimes develop as a complication of acne. Any type of acne spot can lead to scarring, but it is more common when the most serious types of spots (nodules and cysts) burst and damage nearby skin. Many clients come to us after using ineffective scar treatment products which work topically rather than remodelling the skin back to form a firm, flat surface. 

Ageing

Ageing is the result of a decline in skin function. Premature ageing, as characterised by symptoms such as pigmentation, sun spots, fine lines, wrinkles and sagging skin, is effectively a loss of structural integrity within the skin. As we age, the skin’s matrix becomes thin and the skin loses its bounce. Constant exposure to the sun (UV exposure) speeds up this process by disrupting the normal architecture of connective tissue within the dermis. UV decreases collagen and elastin and alters the cross-linked structure of collagen and elastin fibres within the dermis. 

Dehydrated skin

Dehydrated skin is not a skin type as much as it is a condition of the skin. The dehydrated skin typically appears lacklustre, dull, tired and when pulled tautly, it almost seems to wrinkle a bit. Dehydrated skin doesn't bounce back easily and is more prone to congestion (bumps, blackheads) and acne.

Disrupted Barrier Function

The Barrier Function is an extremely important concept in skin care. It describes the strength of the skin barrier and how well it protects skin from the external environment. The barrier function refers to the Stratum Corneum layer of skin which is the outermost layer of the epidermis. The barrier is highly impermeable, a characteristic designed to prevent the loss of water out of the skin and to prevent the entrance of harmful microorganisms or irritants. When the barrier function is disrupted or depleted by harsh products, handling, or environmental conditions, the skin loses water and becomes more permeable to irritants and allergens. Once irritants or allergens penetrate the epidermis, they may trigger inflammation.

Enlarged and Open Pores

We all want smooth skin, unfortunately, enlarged and open pores often stand in the way of having that. Pores are essential to your skin's health by providing oil to keep skin soft and hydrated. Open pores typically develop as a result of blocked pores, insufficient free water levels within the skin and an accumulation of dead cell material which cement on the top of the skin and clump up inside the hair follicle. This is characterised by an open pore appearance. In addition, those with large pores can be more prone to breakouts.

Lines and Wrinkles

Ageing skin droops and develops wrinkles, lines and furrows. The severity of these changes in an individual depends on the genetic tendency, skin type and exposure to environmental factors. To act against wrinkles, fine lines and sagging skin, we must first understand the processes that cause the skin to age. Poor circulation and lymph drainage result in a loss of structural integrity, weakened fragile capillaries, decreased skin density, a decline in collagen production causing the dermal structures to deteriorate and the skin to sag. 

Loose and Saggy Skin

Skin sagging and the weakening of facial muscles is an unavoidable result of ageing. To act against wrinkles, fine lines and sagging skin, we must first understand the processes that cause the skin to age. Poor circulation and lymph drainage result in a loss of structural integrity, weakened fragile capillaries, decreased skin density, a decline in collagen production causing the dermal structures to deteriorate and the skin to sag.  Although there isn't much you can do to prevent the development of sagging skin and loose facial muscles there are skin treatments to slow down the development and even to correct the damage once it has been done.

Oily and Congested Skin

Your skin contains oil glands that produce an oily substance called sebum. Sebum helps to provide a protective barrier on the surface of the skin to prevent it from drying out. It also helps to keep the hair follicles lubricated and shiny. However, sometimes over activity or stimulation of the oil glands can cause them to produce an excess of sebum leaving the skin shiny and greasy. Excessively oily skin can not only be embarrassing but too much oil can cause the glands to clog up and become infected. This clogging up does lead to skin problems such as acne. blackheads, pimples or congested skin.

Pigmentation

Uneven skin tone is one of the most common complaints heard today. The presence of dark spots (known as pigmentation) on the skin can make a person look older than they really are, as pigmentation is associated with the ageing process. Unfortunately, most of the skincare products on the market today focus on moisturising or plumping up the skin, without paying attention to abnormal or excessive areas of pigmentation. We can treat this problem by minimising dark spots and restoring an evener skin tone.

Reactive and Sensitive Skin

We are led to believe that skin is fragile and sensitive. But skin is a strong organ designed to protect us, it has an amazing ability to regenerate itself. Skin is not sensitive; it is merely reactive when the internal processes are out of balance. An important thing about sensitivity is that it is not caused by an allergic reaction where the skin becomes reactive suddenly. Individuals with sensitive skin will experience a slow breakout that will build over time. A big misconception regarding sensitivities is when acne-prone skin is confused with reactive skin. These are two completely different things as sensitive means "easily irritated or inflamed". Acne is not caused by an irritant reaction. 

Rosacea

Rosacea is a chronic and potentially life-disruptive disorder primarily of the facial skin, often characterised by flare-ups and remissions. Many have observed that it typically begins as a redness on the cheeks, nose, chin or forehead that may come and go. Over time, the redness tends to become ruddier and more persistent, and visible blood vessels may appear. Left untreated, bumps and pimples often develop, and in severe cases, the nose may grow swollen and bumpy from excess tissue. This is the condition, called rhinophyma.