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Acne

Acne is a common skin condition that affects most people at some point. Acne can be an inherent, genetic condition or can be caused by external factors, such as hormonal fluctuations, stress, medications, hot or humid climates and irritating cosmetic ingredients. It is a chronic inflammatory disorder caused by fast cell turnover, fast oil flow and an abnormality in the cell division where cells flatten out too early and stick to the sides of the oil glands and hair shafts. If left untreated, congestion can advance to acne.

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Acne is a skin condition characterised by the appearance of whiteheads, spots and blackheads. They can be sore and painful as well as being unsightly. They are most commonly located on the face, but may also appear on the chest and the back. Acne affects young adults of either sex. While it is occasionally seen in young children or mature adults, it is most common between the ages of 17 and 23. There is a great deal of individual variation in the age at which acne starts, its severity, and its duration; generally, the condition improves through the mid to late twenties, although in some people, acne may persist well into adulthood.

Acne is the result of a change in the activities of the sebaceous (oil-producing) glands in the skin. Human skin is divided into two layers; a thin, outer layer called the epidermis, and a deeper layer called the dermis. The dermis is much thicker than the outer epidermis and contains all of the nerves and blood vessels that the skin requires. The dermis also contains the hair roots ('follicles'). Associated with each hair root is a sebaceous gland. The oily liquid that the sebaceous glands produce is called sebum, which passes out of the follicle to the outer surface of the skin. Here it functions to lubricate the skin and keep it flexible. The classic symptoms of acne are the result of an overproduction of sebum by the sebaceous glands, which often starts around the time of puberty. As the body starts the transition from child to adult, the levels of certain hormones in the blood rise. While there are many hormones in the body, the hormones that are thought to be involved in the development of acne are androgens - masculinizing hormones which are present both in men and women.

We use specialised products and treatments to stabilise the skin and regulate the dysfunctions that contribute to the acne condition by removing blockages within the ducts and regulating oil flow and cell turnover. We take into account the individual condition and tailor a program to revise and preclude the recurrence of acne.

 

Recommended Treatments: DMK Enzyme Therapy

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